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Open Access Open Badges Review Article

Recent Advances in Real-Time Musical Effects, Synthesis, and Virtual Analog Models

Jyri Pakarinen1*, Vesa Välimäki1, Federico Fontana2, Victor Lazzarini3 and Jonathan S Abel4

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Signal Processing and Acoustics, Aalto University School of Electrical Engineering, 02150 Espoo, Finland

2 Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Udine, 33100 Udine, Italy

3 Sound and Music Technology Research Group, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Ireland

4 CCRMA, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-8180, USA

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EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing 2011, 2011:940784  doi:10.1155/2011/940784

Published: 28 February 2011


This paper reviews some of the recent advances in real-time musical effects processing and synthesis. The main emphasis is on virtual analog modeling, specifically digital emulation of vintage delay and reverberation effects, tube amplifiers, and voltage-controlled filters. Additionally, adaptive effects algorithms and sound synthesis and processing languages are discussed.