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A study on the impact of AL-FEC techniques on TV over IP Quality of Experience

Federica Battisti1*, Marco Carli1, Elena Mammi2 and Alessandro Neri1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Applied Electronics, Universitá degli Studi Roma TRE, Roma, Italy

2 Fondazione Ugo Bordoni, Roma, Italy

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EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing 2011, 2011:86  doi:10.1186/1687-6180-2011-86

Published: 11 October 2011


In this contribution, an evaluation of the effectiveness of Application Layer-Forward Error Correction (AL-FEC) scheme in video communications over unreliable channels is presented. In literature, several AL-FEC techniques for reducing the effect of noisy transmission on multimedia communication have been adopted. Recently, their use has been proposed for inclusion in TV over IP broadcasting international standards. The objective of the analysis performed in this paper is to verify the effectiveness of AL-FEC techniques in terms of perceived Quality of Service (QoS) and more in general of Quality of Experience (QoE), and to evaluate the trade-off between AL-FEC redundancy and video quality degradation for a given packet loss ratio. To this goal, several channel error models are investigated (random i.i.d. losses, burst losses, and network congestions) on test sequences encoded at 2 and 4 Mbps. The perceived quality is evaluated by means of three quality metrics: the full-reference objective quality metric NTIA-VQM combined with the ITU-T Rec. G.1070, the full-reference DMOS-KPN metric, and the pixel-wise error comparison performed by using the PSNR distortion measure. A post-processing synchronization between the original and the reconstructed stream has also been designed for improving the fidelity of the performed quality measures. The experimental results show the effectiveness and the limits of the Application Layer protection schemes.

Quality of Service; AL-FEC Techniques; IP Transmission; Video Quality estimation