SpringerOpen Newsletter

Receive periodic news and updates relating to SpringerOpen.

This article is part of the series Advanced Image Processing for Defense and Security Applications.

Open Access Open Badges Research Article

A Review of Unsupervised Spectral Target Analysis for Hyperspectral Imagery

Chein-I Chang12*, Xiaoli Jiao1, Chao-Cheng Wu1, Yingzi Du3 and Mann-Li Chang4

Author Affiliations

1 Remote Sensing Signal and Image Processing Laboratory, Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA

2 Department of Electrical Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan

3 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue School of Engineering and Technology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA

4 Management and Information Department, Kang Ning Nursing and Management Junior College, Taipei, Taiwan

For all author emails, please log on.

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing 2010, 2010:503752  doi:10.1155/2010/503752

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://asp.eurasipjournals.com/content/2010/1/503752

Received:27 September 2009
Revisions received:31 December 2009
Accepted:19 February 2010
Published:8 April 2010

© 2010 The Author(s).

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


One of great challenges in unsupervised hyperspectral target analysis is how to obtain desired knowledge in an unsupervised means directly from the data for image analysis. This paper provides a review of unsupervised target analysis by first addressing two fundamental issues, "what are material substances of interest, referred to as targets?" and "how can these targets be extracted from the data?" and then further developing least squares (LS)-based unsupervised algorithms for finding spectral targets for analysis. In order to validate and substantiate the proposed unsupervised hyperspectral target analysis, three applications in endmember extraction, target detection and linear spectral unmixing are considered where custom-designed synthetic images and real image scenes are used to conduct experiments.

Publisher note

To access the full article, please see PDF.